Geogrid reinforcement can improve the performance of pavements by stiffening the aggregate base material and decreasing pavement deformations. Understanding the effects of cyclic loading on the modulus of geogrid-reinforced base materials would help engineers better anticipate actual increases in the modulus of aggregate base materials under given traffic loads. The objective of this laboratory research was to investigate the effects of cyclic loading on the resilient modulus, the modulus to peak axial stress, the elastic modulus, and the modulus at 2 percent strain of geogrid-reinforced aggregate base materials. The scope of the research included two aggregate base materials (Wells Draw and Springville) having different particle-size distributions and particle angularity. Geogrid-reinforced and unreinforced specimens were subjected to conditioning periods consisting of cyclic loading ranging from 10 to 10,000 cycles. Immediately following cyclic loading, all specimens were tested using the quick shear portion of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials T 307 (Determining the Resilient Modulus of Soils and Aggregate Materials). Specimen preparation involved material weigh-outs, compaction, and membrane applications. Specimen testing in the loading machine consisted of two testing portions, including cyclic loading and quick shear testing. The cyclic loading data were used to calculate the resilient modulus on 200-cycle intervals throughout the duration of the conditioning period. The quick shear data were used to calculate the peak axial stress, the modulus to peak axial stress, the elastic modulus and the modulus at 2 percent strain. For the Wells Draw material, the resilient modulus increases by 11 percent for the specimens with geogrid and increases by 8 percent for the specimens without geogrid as the number of load cycles increases from 1,000 to 10,000. For the Springville material, the resilient modulus increases by 2 percent for the specimens with geogrid and increases by 3 percent for the specimens without geogrid as the number of load cycles increases from 1,000 to 10,000. As with other studies, the results do not show a consistent or significant effect of geogrid reinforcement on the resilient modulus of the tested materials. The modulus at 2 percent strain has the most potential for consistently showing improvements to aggregate base materials due to both cyclic loading and geogrid reinforcement. For the Wells Draw and Springville materials, the modulus at 2 percent strain increases by 31 and 9 percent, respectively, as the number of load cycles increases from 10 to 10,000. Additionally, for the Wells Draw and Springville materials, the modulus at 2 percent strain of the specimens with geogrid is 23 and 46 percent, respectively, greater than that of the specimens without geogrid. The results show a consistent and significant positive effect of geogrid reinforcement on modulus at 2 percent strain of the tested materials. According to the modulus at 2 percent strain results, a sufficient conditioning period appears to occur at 5,000 cycles for the Wells Draw material and 10,000 cycles for the Springville material.
College and Department
Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Vickery, Chad Derrick, "Quantifying the Conditioning Period for Geogrid-Reinforced Aggregate Base Materials Through Cyclic Loading" (2020). Theses and Dissertations. 8518.
aggregate base, conditioning period, cyclic loading, geogrid, modulus