In this dissertation, I consider the problem of model reduction in both oscillatory and networked systems. Previously, the Manifold Boundary Approximation Method (MBAM) has been demonstrated as a data-driven tool for reducing the parametric complexity of so-called sloppy models. To be effective, MBAM requires the model manifold to have low curvature. I show that oscillatory models are characterized by model manifolds with high curvature in one or more directions. I propose methods for transforming the model manifolds of these models into ones with low curvature and demonstrate on a couple of test systems. I demonstrate MBAM as a tool for data-driven network reduction on a small model from power systems. I derive multiple effective networks for the model, each tailored to a specific choice of system observations. I find several important types of parameter reductions, including network reductions, which can be used in large power systems models. Finally, I consider the problem of piecemeal reduction of large systems. When a large system is split into pieces that are to be reduced separately using MBAM, there is no guarantee that the reduced pieces will be compatible for reassembly. I propose a strategy for reducing a system piecemeal while guaranteeing that the reduced pieces will be compatible. I demonstrate the reduction strategy on a small resistor network.
College and Department
Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Physics and Astronomy
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Francis, Benjamin Lane, "Information Geometry and Model Reduction in Oscillatory and Networked Systems" (2020). Theses and Dissertations. 8512.
model reduction, parameter inference, oscillatory systems, networks, information geometry, power systems, piecemeal reduction