Soil liquefaction can cause devastating damage and loss and is a serious concern in civil engineering practice. One method for evaluating liquefaction triggering potential is a risk-targeted probabilistic approach that has been shown to provide more consistent and accurate estimates of liquefaction risk than traditional methods. This approach is a “performance-based” procedure which is based off of the performance-based earthquake engineering (PBEE) framework developed by the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research (PEER) Center. Unfortunately, due to its complexity, performance-based liquefaction assessment is not often used in engineering practice. However, previous researchers have developed a simplified performance-based procedure which incorporates the accuracy and benefits of a full performance-based procedure while maintaining a more simplistic and user-friendly approach. Until now, these simplified performance-based procedures have only been available for the SPT (Standard Penetration Test). With the increasing popularity of the CPT (Cone Penetration Test), a simplified procedure is needed for CPT-based liquefaction assessment. This thesis presents the derivation of a simplified performance-based procedure for evaluating liquefaction triggering using the Ku et al. (2012) and Boulanger and Idriss (2014) models. The validation study compares the results of the simplified and full performance-based procedures. The comparison study compares the accuracy of the simplified performance-based and traditional pseudo-probabilistic procedures. These studies show that the simplified performance-based procedure provides a better and more consistent approximation of the full performance-based procedure than traditional methods. This thesis also details the development of the liquefaction loading maps which are an integral part of the simplified method.



College and Department

Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Civil and Environmental Engineering



Date Submitted


Document Type





liquefaction, performance-based earthquake engineering, cone penetration test, CPT, probability of liquefaction, map-based procedures, PBEE



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Engineering Commons