A new method of power production, called pressurized oxy-fuel combustion, burns coal with CO2 and oxygen, rather than air, bringing us closer to the end goal of developing zero emission coal-fired utility boilers. However, high-pressure, high-temperature systems such as these are under-studied, and their behavior is difficult to measure. An accurate model for previously untested conditions requires data for validation. The heat release profile of flames and their radiative intensity is one of the key data sets required for model validation of an oxy-coal combustion system. A radiometer can be used to obtain the necessary radiative heat flux data. However, several studies show significant measurement errors of past radiometer designs. This work focuses on developing a narrow angle radiometer that can be used to describe radiative heat transfer from a pressurized oxy-coal flame. The sensitivity of the instrument to outside environmental influences is thoroughly examined, making it possible to obtain the axial radiative heat flux profile of the flame in a 100kW pressurized facility by accurately converting the measured quantities into radiative heat flux. Design aspects of the radiometer are chosen to improve the accuracy of radiative heat flux measurements as well as conform to the physical constraints of the 100kW pressurized facility. The radiometer is built with a 0.079-inch aperture, an 8.63-inch probe internally coated with high emissivity coating, four baffles spaced evenly down the length of the probe, no optic lens, a thermopile as the sensor, argon purge gas, and a water-cooled jacket. The radiometer has a viewing angle of 1.33 degrees. The instrument is calibrated with a black body radiator, and these calibration data are used in combination with radiation models to convert the radiometer signal in mV to radiative heat flux in kW/m2. Environmental factors affecting accuracy are studied. The results of the calibration data show that the radiometer measurements will produce a calculated heat flux that is accurate to within 5.98E-04 kW/m2.



College and Department

Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Chemical Engineering



Date Submitted


Document Type





narrow angle radiometer, pressurized oxy-fuel combustion, radiative heat flux



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Engineering Commons