A method of trace element analysis using proton-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) techniques with energy dispersive X-ray detection methods is described. Data were processed using the computer program ANALEX. PIXE analysis methods were applied to the analysis of liver, spleen, aorta, kidney medulla, kidney cortex, abdominal fat, pancreas and hair from autopsies of Pima Indians. Tissues were freeze dried and low temperature ashed before analysis. Concentrations were tabulated for K, Ca, Ti, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Pb, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Cd and Cs and examined for significant differences related to diabetes. Concentrations of Ca and Sr in aorta, Fe and Rb in spleen and Mn in liver had different patterns in diabetics than in nondiabetics. High Cs concentrations were also observed in the kidneys of two subjects who died of renal disorders. Analyses by atomic absorption and PIXE methods were compared. PIXE methods were also applied to elemental analysis of obsidian artifacts from Campeche, Mexico. Based on K, Ba, Mn, Fe, Rb, Sr and Zr concentrations, the artifacts were related to several Guatemalan sources.
College and Department
Chemistry and Biochemistry
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Nielson, Kirk Kay, "Development of proton-induced x-ray emission techniques with application to multielement analyses of human autopsy tissues and obsidian artifacts" (1975). Theses and Dissertations. 8316.
Autopsy, Diagnosis, Radioscopic