In the past decade there has been a significant increase in focus on the effect upper body vibration (UBV) has on the recovery of skeletal muscle after exercise-induced muscle damage. Recovery can be defined and investigated using a wide variety of methods. This study used three different measurements to track muscle recovery over 7 days following an exercise muscle damage protocol and applied vibration to a mathematical model. A visual analog scale (VAS) was used to measure muscle pain, a strain gauge was used to obtain maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) strength measurements, and shear wave elastography (SWE) represented muscle stiffness over the 7-day experiment. Thirty-three participants were divided into three groups. The first was a control group (C) that experienced no exercise and no therapy. The no vibration group (NV) performed the damage an exercise protocol but received no therapy. The vibration group (V) performed the same exercise protocol but also received vibration therapy. The exercise protocol consisted of 100 dumbbell curls at starting at 50% of their MVIC with one minute of rest after each set of ten. The data provided convincing evidence (27.2%, p < 0.0001) that group NV was not back to its normal stiffness after 7 days unlike group V, which was shown not to be any different from its baseline at the end of the week (9.15%, p = 0.137). Three vibration factors (����1, ����2, ����3) were added to a skeletal muscle regeneration model (SK) to simulate how vibration affects muscle regeneration. The three factors were determined by analyzing previous research to understand how vibration affects cells in the regeneration process. Adding these into SK decreased the time to recovery from about 13 days to about 7 days. Recovery was defined by reaching 10% of the original number of myofibers within the damaged muscle.



College and Department

Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Mechanical Engineering



Date Submitted


Document Type





skeletal muscle, shear-wave elastography, exercise-induce muscle damage, recovery