When subjected to ultraviolet radiation in the presence of an alkene, s-triazolo[4,3-b]pyridazine (STP) undergoes an unusual 3 + 2 photocycloaddition wherein the alkene adds to the 1 and 8 positions of STP with concommitant N4-N5 bond cleavage yielding 5,6-disubstituted-6,7-dihydro-7-methylene (and 7-cyanomethyl)-5H-pyrrolo[1,2-b]-s-triazoles. Amides and esters of indole-3-carboxylic acid have been synthesized by a novel reaction employing the ultraviolet irradiation of 3-diazo-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoline (QDA) in the presence of amines or alcohols respectively. QDA, when irradiated, is postulated to undergo an internal Wolff Rearrangement to Indole-3-ketene which can add any amine or alcohol to form the corresponding amide or ester in modest to good yield.
College and Department
Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Chemistry and Biochemistry
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Carlock, John Timothy, "A photochemical study of s-triazolo[4,3-b] pyridazine and 3-diazo-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoline" (1977). Theses and Dissertations. 8184.
Heterocyclic compounds, Photochemistry