Origami has been extensively studied by engineers for its unique motions and ability to collapse to small volumes. Techniques have been studied for replicating origami-like folding motion in thick materials, but limited practical applications of these techniques have been demonstrated. Developable mechanisms are a new mechanism type that has a similar ability to collapse to a low profile. The cylindrical developable mechanism has the ability to emerge from and conform to a cylindrical surface. In this work, a few practical applications of devices with novel expanding motions are presented. The design and testing of an origami-inspired deployable ballistic barrier, which was designed by combining and modifying existing thickness accommodation techniques, is discussed. The properties of cylindrical developable mechanisms are examined and two devices designed for use with minimally invasive surgical tooling are presented. Various hinge options for small-scale cylindrical developable mechanisms are then reviewed and discussed. A planar modeling assumption for curved lamina emergent torsional joints in thin-walled cylinders is then analytically and empirically validated. Conclusions are drawn and recommendations for future work are given.
College and Department
Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Mechanical Engineering
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Seymour, Kendall Hal, "Joint Analysis of and Applications for Devices with Expanding Motions" (2019). Theses and Dissertations. 7725.
Origami ballistic barrier, origami inspired, developable mechanisms, joint design, deployable mechanisms, surgical devices, compliant mechanisms