Accurately predicting fan performance, including bounds of operation, is an important function of any Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) package. The presented research uses a CFD code developed as part of the Computational Research and Engineering Acquisition Tools and Environment (CREATE), known as Kestrel, to evaluate a single stage compressor at various operating conditions. Steady-state, single-passage simulations are carried out to validate capabilities recently added to Kestrel. The analysis includes generating speedlines of total pressure ratio and efficiency, as well as radial total temperature and total pressure profiles at two axial locations in the compressor at various operating conditions and fan speeds, and simulation data from the single-passage runs is compared to experimental data. Time-accurate, full annulus simulations are also carried out to capture and analyze the processes leading to stall inception for both uniform and distorted inlet conditions. The distortion profile used contains a 90 degree sector of lower total pressure at the inlet. The observed fan behavior at stall inception is compared to previous research, and it is concluded that the inlet distortion significantly changes the behavior of the part-span stall cells that develop after stall inception. Understanding the physical processes that lead to stall inception allows fan designers to design more robust fans that can safely take advantage of the better performance associated with operating closer to stall.



College and Department

Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Mechanical Engineering



Date Submitted


Document Type





CFD, Kestrel, turbomachinery, distortion, inlet distortion, stall, stall inception, rotor 4



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Engineering Commons