Bacterial transformation is defined as a mechanism of genetic exchange whereby a population of bacteria can obtain genetic informa-tion as a result of cellular uptake and integration of extracellular deoxyribonucleic acid released from other bacteria by natural or in-duced lysis. In order for a transformable strain of bacteria to take up DNA and to undergo transformation, the cells must be in a physiolog-ical state called competence. A cell is referred to as competent if it has the ability to bind extracellular DNA irreversibly and subsequently to integrate and express the DNA.
College and Department
Plant and Wildlife Sciences
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Bingham, Douglas Pierre, "Bacterial receptor sites for uptake of transforming DNA" (1971). Theses and Dissertations. 7628.