Forced convection heat transfer in the entrance region of tubes and ducts has been studied extensively since the pioneering work of Graetz. Most of the published solutions for axial flow heat transfer are based on the idealization of either fully established or uniform velocity profiles with developing temperature.
College and Department
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Ritchie, Stephen Lothair, "Simultaneous Development of Velocity and Temperature Profiles in the Annulus with Laminar Flow and Both Walls at Constant Temperatures" (1964). Theses and Dissertations. 7182.
Heat, Heat — Transmission