Honey has been used to heal wounds since ancient times. There are many references in ancient literature that cite honey for its medicinal uses. It is used as an alternative agent to cure infections of wounds, burns, ulcers etc. Researchers have shown some of the antimicrobial properties of honey when used as an ointment. When applied to an affected area, it helps to promote the growth of healthy tissue. One of the factors on which the quality of the honey depends, is its geographical origin. Based on the location, honey types can vary as much as 100-fold from each other in color, aroma, viscosity, and antimicrobial properties. The important components in honey that play an essential part in healing wounds and contributing to the antimicrobial properties are enzymes. Their presence allows honey to kill various types of pathogenic bacteria, viruses, fungi etc. A higher antimicrobial effect is seen in monofloral honey (when a single plant species is the source of nectar), which is often more potent than other types of honey in terms of antibacterial activity. Resistance of pathogens to these antimicrobial actions has never been shown, which makes honey a more promising source of antimicrobial research. Presently, infections of burns and wounds are very challenging to treat, especially when they are caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The purpose of this study was to examine the antimicrobial properties of honey from Utah and other locales, and to identify promising antimicrobial activities that could be useful in treating infections caused by resistant bacteria.



College and Department

Life Sciences; Microbiology and Molecular Biology



Date Submitted


Document Type





honey, anti-microbial, monofloral, polyfloral, Manuka honey, zone of inhibition, Bradford assay, HPLC-MS-MS, sugar content, osmolarity, hydrogen peroxide, proteins



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Microbiology Commons