X.509 certificate revocation defends against man-in-the-middle attacks involving a compromised certificate. Certificate revocation strategies face scalability, effectiveness, and deployment challenges as HTTPS adoption rates have soared. We propose Certificate Revocation Table (CRT), a new revocation strategy that is competitive with or exceeds alternative state-of-the-art solutions in effectiveness, efficiency, certificate growth scalability, mass revocation event scalability, revocation timeliness, privacy, and deployment requirements. The CRT periodically checks the revocation status of X.509 certificates recently used by an organization, such as clients on a university's private network. By prechecking the revocation status of each certificate the client is likely to use, the client can avoid the security problems of on-demand certificate revocation checking. To validate both the effectiveness and efficiency of using a CRT, we used 60 days of TLS traffic logs from Brigham Young University to measure the effects of actively refreshing certificates for various certificate working set window lengths. Using a certificate working set window size of 45 days, an average of 99.86% of the TLS handshakes from BYU would have revocation information cached in advance using our approach. Revocation status information can be initially downloaded by clients with a 6.7 MB file and then subsequently updated using only 205.1 KB of bandwidth daily. Updates to this CRT that only include revoked certificates require just 215 bytes of bandwidth per day.
College and Department
Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Computer Science
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Dickinson, Luke Austin, "Certificate Revocation Table: Leveraging Locality of Reference in Web Requests to Improve TLS Certificate Revocation" (2018). All Theses and Dissertations. 7010.
certificate revocation, X.509 certificate, caching, working sets, locality of reference