This study examines how hopelessness impacts youth engagement in violent behavior over time. The data are from waves I and II of The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Poisson regression was used to analyze contributors to violence in just wave I, and then again across time in wave II using explanatory and control variables from wave I. Results indicate that hopelessness is positively associated with violent behavior. Furthermore, while hopelessness and most of the other explanatory variables predicted violent behavior in wave I, almost all the variables became non-significant or negative except hopelessness and a measure of community when predicting violence in wave II. This shows that hopelessness is a concept that needs to be explored more closely when studying violence among youth.
College and Department
Family, Home, and Social Sciences; Sociology
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Demetropoulos, Janie, "Hopelessness and Youth Violent Behavior: A Longitudinal Study" (2017). All Theses and Dissertations. 6822.
hopelessness, violence, violent behavior, youth, adolescents, longitudinal