The ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines identify memorized words and phrases as a hallmark of novice-level speech. For this reason, research by Cox (2017) found rehearsed content to be a major hindrance to interviewees being rated at higher sublevels on the Oral Proficiency Interview-computer (OPIc). To further investigate, an analysis of these memorized segments to determine patterns of lexico-grammatical and discursive features was conducted. In this study, researchers utilized a Praat analysis to compare prosodic features (specifically, mean length of utterance, number of silent pauses, and articulation rate) of speech segments marked as memorized and those which were not. A qualitative analysis was also conducted by identifying via a grounded theory approach any notable patterns both within single interviews as well as between speakers. Articulation rates differed significantly between the spontaneous and rehearsed segments; however, the strongest evidence of memorization lay in the transcriptions and the patterns that emerged within and across interviews.
College and Department
Humanities; Linguistics and English Language
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Gates, Gwyneth Elaine, "An Analysis of Rehearsed Speech Characteristics on the Oral Proficiency Interview—Computer (OPIc)" (2018). All Theses and Dissertations. 6731.
rehearsed speech, fluency features, speaking assessment, OPIc