Cylindrical shells are common structures that are often used in industry, such as pipes, ducts, aircraft fuselages, rockets, submarine pressure hulls, electric motors and generators. In many applications it is desired to attenuate the sound radiated from the vibrating structure. There are both active and passive methods to achieve this purpose. However, at low frequencies passive methods are less effective and often an excessive amount of material is needed to achieve acceptable results. There have been a number of works regarding active control methods for this type of structure. In most cases a considerable number of error sensors and secondary sources are needed. However, in practice it is much preferred to have the fewest number of error sensors and control forces possible. Most methods presented have shown considerable dependence on the error sensor location. The goal of this dissertation is to develop an active noise control method that is able to attenuate the radiated sound effectively at low frequencies using only a small number of error sensors and secondary sources, and with minimal dependence on error sensor location. The Weighted Sum of Spatial Gradients control metric has been developed both theoretically and experimentally for simply supported cylindrical shells. The method has proven to be robust with respect to error sensor location. In order to quantify the performance of the control method, the radiated sound power has been chosen. In order to calculate the radiated sound power theoretically, the radiation modes have been developed for cylindrical shells. Experimentally, the radiated sound power without and with control has been measured using the ISO 3741 standard. The results show comparable, or in some cases better, performance in comparison with other known methods. Some agreement has been observed between model and experimental results. However, there are some discrepancies due to the fact that the actual cylinder does not appear to behave as an ideal simply supported cylindrical shell.



College and Department

Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Physics and Astronomy



Date Submitted


Document Type





cylindrical shells, active structural acoustic control, active noise control, radiation, modes