The Little Drum Mountains represent a deeply eroded Eocene-Oligocene volcano, consisting of a vent complex which erupted mafic flows and flow breccias, accompanied by lahars. Flows are dominated by members of the shoshonite suite and contain up to 3.95 percent K2O, mainly occult in K-rich glass, with K2O/Na2O ratios greater than 1.0. In a few interbedded flows, apparently of the calc-alkaline series, pyroxene with varying amounts of plagioclase in a fine-grained groundmass of plagioclase, mafic minerals, and interstitial glass. An ash-flow tuff of the Oligocene Needles Range Formation unconformably overlies the volcanic sequence. Contemporaneous eruptions of calc-alkaline and shoshonitic lavas are possibly related to different depths of magna derivation corresponding to two mid-Cenozoic imbricate subduction zones beneath the western United States.
College and Department
Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Geological Sciences
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Leedom, Stephen H., "Little Drum Mountains, an Early Tertiary Shoshonitic Volcanic Center in Millard County, Utah" (1973). Theses and Dissertations. 6357.
Little Drum Mountains, shoshonitic lavas, volcano