Inexpensive label-free detection of biomarker panels in serum could revolutionize earlycancer diagnosis and treatment. Such detection capabilities may be possible with dynamicnanochannels in conjunction with electrical impedance measurement. In Dr. Greg Nordin's lab I designed, fabricated and tested several iterations of these sensors with polydimethyl-siloxane microfluidics. The final design yielded a dynamic nanochannel array sensor thatshowed a 140% impedance change when exposed to 14µM bovine serum albumin in phos-phate buffered saline. For the geometry and noise limits of the tested device, simulationsindicated that a minimum detectable concentration of 20pM with specifically bound strep-tavidin should be possible. However, the polydimethylsiloxane approach is also shown to beproblematic in meeting the trade-offs required for a practical device. Consequently, alter-native materials and designs are suggested to reduce the minimum detectable concentrationto the high femtomolar range, which would be attractive for detection of many medicalbiomarkers.
College and Department
Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Electrical and Computer Engineering
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Oxborrow, Joseph B., "Dynamic Nanochannels for Biosensing Applications" (2013). Theses and Dissertations. 4261.
Proteomics, biomarkers, nanochannels, impedance sensing