The design of a low cost electronically steered array feed (ESAF) is implemented and tested. The ESAF demonstrated satellite tracking capabilities over four degrees. The system was compared to a commercial low-noise block downconverter (LNBF) and was able to receive the signal over a wider angle than the commercial system. Its signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) performance was poor, but a proof of concept for a low cost ESAF used for tracking is demonstrated. Two compact low profile dual circularly polarized (CP) reflector feed antenna designs are also analyzed. One of the designs is a passive antenna dipole array over an electromagnetic band gap (EBG) surface. It demonstrated high isolation between ports for orthogonal polarizations while also achieving quality dual CP performance. Simulations and measurements are shown for this antenna. The other antenna was a microstrip cross antenna. This antenna demonstrated high gain and quality CP but had a large side lobe and low isolation between ports. A global positioning system (GPS) denied multiple input multiple output (MIMO) radar for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) is simulated and tested in a physical optics scattering model. This model is developed and tested by comparing simulated and analytical results. The radar uses channel matrices generated from the MIMO antenna system. The channel matrices are then used to generate correlation matrices. A matrix distance between actively received correlation matrices to stored correlation matrices is used to estimate the position of the UAV. Simulations demonstrate the ability of the radar algorithm to determine its position when flying along a previously mapped path.



College and Department

Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Electrical and Computer Engineering



Date Submitted


Document Type





GPS denied radar, physical optics scattering modeling, low profile antennas, dual circularly, polarized antennas, electronic beam steered antennas, satellite communications