Numerous methods have been developed to measure corrosion potential relating to chloride infiltration in concrete, including an emerging application of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). EIS involves measurements of electrical impedance to evaluate the corrosion potential of steel reinforcement in concrete. With EIS, current is injected vertically into the concrete bridge deck between the surface and the embedded reinforcing steel, usually the top mat, to evaluate the degree to which the reinforcing steel is protected from chloride infiltration by the entire bridge deck system. The objectives of this research were to 1) investigate the sensitivity of EIS measurements obtained at various frequencies to specific deck properties, 2) recommend a particular frequency or range in frequency at which impedance measurements can differentiate among various levels of corrosion protection for reinforcing steel in concrete bridge decks, and 3) compare impedance values measured at the recommended frequency(ies) to more traditional test measurements relating to corrosion of reinforcing steel in concrete bridge decks. This research involved impedance testing of 25 concrete slabs, divided into five sets. The effects of sealant presence, curing time, temperature, moisture content, cover depth, water-to-cementitious materials ratio, air content, chloride concentration, and epoxy coating condition on individual impedance measurements were evaluated. For the controlled laboratory experiments, sealant presence, curing time, temperature, moisture content, cover depth, water-to-cementitious materials ratio, air content, and epoxy coating condition were shown to have a statistically significant effect on impedance measurements, with p-values less than 0.05. The statistical analyses indicated that impedance testing in the frequency range of approximately 100 Hz to 1 kHz would be expected to provide the best data about the degree to which the reinforcing steel is protected from chloride infiltration by a bridge deck system. In this frequency range, a high level of differentiation among levels of corrosion protection is expected, and a high speed of data collection is also possible. For the uncontrolled laboratory experiments, a single frequency of 200 Hz was selected for impedance testing. Statistical analyses were performed to compare impedance with more traditional test measurements relating to corrosion of reinforcing steel in concrete bridge decks. Longitudinal and transverse cover, dry and wet resistivity, dry and wet half-cell potential, dry linear polarization, and chloride concentration were determined to be correlated with impedance, with p-values less than 0.15.
College and Department
Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Civil and Environmental Engineering
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Argyle, Hillary McKenna, "Sensitivity of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Measurements to Concrete Bridge Deck Properties" (2014). All Theses and Dissertations. 3963.
chloride concentration, corrosion, concrete bridge deck, cover depth, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, half-cell potential, linear polarization, resistivity