Listening comprehension has been the forgotten skill in second language acquisition. However, in recent years, more and more studies have focused on listening comprehension and now acknowledge its importance in language acquisition. Empirical studies have explored how listeners use the two main listening processes (top-down processing and bottom-up processing). In this study, 31 low-proficiency level Mandarin Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) learners from Brigham Young University took the Chinese Computer Adaptive Language Test (CCALT) and listened to four listening passages, measured by idea unit analysis and local and global question types. The data from these measurements suggest that low-proficiency level CFL participants in this study used both top-down and bottom-up processing while they listened to short listening passages. The results suggest listening comprehension at various proficiency levels needs to be studied further in Chinese and with different types of listening passages.
College and Department
Humanities; Center for Language Studies
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Yang, Chao-Chi, "The Dominant Listening Strategy of Low-Proficiency Level Learners of Mandarin Chinese: Bottom-Up Processing or Top-Down Processing" (2006). All Theses and Dissertations. 386.
top-down processing and bottom-up processing, Mandarin Chinese as a foreign language, low-proficiency level, idea unit analysis, local and global analysis, listening comprehension