Past research and views on shame have indicated that shame has detrimental effects for adolescent development. Little research has focused on the pathways in which shame may affect adolescent traits. Even less studies examine what variables may moderate the effects of shame. Using adolescent self-report questionnaires, this study examined the relationship between adolescent shame and depression, self-esteem, and hope. In addition, this study examined the moderating effect maternal, paternal, and best friend relationships have between shame and adolescent outcome variables. A structural equation moderation model analysis was fit to data from 307 two-parent families. The average age of adolescents for the study was 15.31 years of age. Results indicated that there was a strong positive correlations between shame and depression and a strong inverse correlation between shame and hope and self-esteem. Gender differences were also observed with boys' results having significance with depression while girls' results corresponded with the hope variable. Adolescents' connection with same gender parent along with best friend connection moderated the detrimental effect shame has on adolescent outcomes. Suggestions for clinicians to be mindful of shame and adolescent relationships within the family and social system are given. Possible interventions in the adolescent family and social system are suggested.
College and Department
Family, Home, and Social Sciences; Family Life; Marriage and Family Therapy
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Hsieh, Alexander L., "Power of Shame: The Moderating Effects of Parental and Peer Connection on the Relationship Between Adolescent Shame and Depression, Self-Esteem, and Hope" (2013). All Theses and Dissertations. 3765.
shame, adolescent connection, depression, hope, self-esteem