Paul M. Walker points out the importance of three seventeenth-century manuscripts which, according to him, reflect the origins of the late Baroque monothematic fugue. The documents present a new "model" with specific criteria to write monothematic fugues. Walker suggests that the criteria presented in these manuscripts are first found in seventeenth-century Italian violin ensemble fugues. This thesis traces the development of seventeenth-century monothematic fugues and how they compare with the criteria presented in the manuscripts, with a particular emphasis on Italian violin ensemble fugues. The manuscripts indeed present a new "model" to write monothematic fugues as compared to earlier models. Generally speaking, the criteria included in the manuscripts are more present in monothematic fugues found in seventeenth-century violin ensemble music than in keyboard music of the same period. However, many of these imitative pieces present characteristics of fugato (rather than "true" fugues) and cannot be compared with the manuscripts' criteria. Therefore, the documents are important from a theoretical standpoint but their practical application in seventeenth-century violin music is not as clear or systematic as Walker implies.
College and Department
Fine Arts and Communications; Music
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Destribois, Clemence Theodora, "Examining the Origins of the Late Baroque Monothematic Fugue:A Study of Seventeenth-Century Fugue in Italian Violin Music" (2012). All Theses and Dissertations. 3350.
fugue, fugato, violin music, Antonio Bertali, Giacomo Carissimi, Tarquinio Merula, Massimiliano Neri, Maurizio Cazzati, Giovanni Legrenzi