A narrow germplasm base and a complex allotetraploid genome have historically made the discovery of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers difficult in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). We conducted a genome reduction experiment to identify SNPs from two accessions of G. hirsutum and two accessions of G. barbadense. Approximately 2 million sequence reads were assembled into contigs with an N50 of 508 bp and analyzed for SNPs. A total of 11,834 and 1,679 SNPs between the accessions G. hirsutum and G. barbadense, respectively, were identified with highly conservative parameters (a minimum read depth of 8x at each SNP and a 100% identity of all reads within an accession at the SNP). Additionally, 4,327 SNPs were identified between accessions of G. hirsutum in and assembly of Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs). 320 and 252 KASPAR assays were designed for SNP mapping in non-genic and genic regions respectively. 187 markers in total (136 non-genic, 51 genic) were mapped using KBioscience KASPar genotyping assays in a segregating F2 population using the Fluidigm EP1 system. EST The target genome of EST markers was successfully predicted bioinformaticly diploid reference sequences. Examination of nucleotide substitutions and SNP frequencies further confirms validity of new markers. A genetic map was constructed using a large G. hirsutum segregating F2 population. Genetic maps generated by these newly identified markers will be used to locate quantitative, economically important regions within the cotton genome.



College and Department

Life Sciences; Plant and Wildlife Sciences



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allotetraploid, cotton, EST, expressed sequence tag, genetic map, Gossypium, genome reduction, pyrosequencing, polyploidy, single nucleotide polymorphism, SNP