AMSR-E is a space-borne radiometer which measures Earth microwave emissions or brightness temperatures (Tb) over a wide swath. AMSR-E data and images are useful in mapping valuable Earth-surface and atmospheric phenomena. A modified version of the Scatterometer Image Reconstruction (SIR) algorithm creates Tb images from the collected data. SIR is an iterative algorithm with tuning parameters to optimize the reconstruction for the instrument and channel. It requires an approximate aperture function for each channel to be effective. This thesis presents a simulator-based optimization of SIR iteration and aperture function threshold parameters for each AMSR-E channel. A comparison of actual Tb images generated using the optimal and sub-optimal values is included. Tuned parameters produce images with sharper transitions between regions of low and high Tb for lower-frequency channels. For higher-frequency channels, the severity of artifacts due to temporal Tb variation of the input measurements decreases and coverage gaps are eliminated after tuning. A two-parameter Gaussian-like bell model is currently assumed in image reconstruction to approximate the AMSR-E aperture function. This paper presents a method of estimating the effective AMSR-E aperture function using Tb measurements and geographical information. The estimate is used as an input for image reconstruction. The resulting Tb images are compared with those produced with the previous Gaussian approximation. Results support the estimates found in this paper for channels 1h, 1v, and 2h. Images processed using the old or new aperture functions for all channels differed by a fraction of a Kelvin over spatially smooth regions.



College and Department

Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Electrical and Computer Engineering



Date Submitted


Document Type





AMSR-E, radiometer, image reconstruction, deconvolution, aperture function, parameter tuning