Radio astronomical synthesis imaging arrays can create images with resolution much higher than can single dish telescopes. However, one of the biggest problems that imaging arrays face is radio frequency interference (RFI). This interference corrupts signals and prevents accurate image creation. Therefore, it is necessary to remove this interference. This thesis discusses the synthesis imaging procedure and array spatial filtering methods to remove interference, including Multiple Sidelobe Canceller (MSC), Subspace Projection (SP), and Cross-Subspace Projection (CSP). The CLEAN algorithm, an image restoration technique, is also discussed. Various improvements to the VSA are discussed, including upgrades to the hardware and software and addition of a fifth antenna to the array. Calibration techniques for the VSA are presented. Successful image synthesis for deep-space sources of Cassiopeia A and Cygnus A are shown and phase errors that have caused difficulties with imaging are considered. The previously mentioned algorithms are successfully applied to data gathered by the Very Small Array (VSA), allowing images to be created in environments with interference. An improved method for bias correction for both SP and CSP is demonstrated. The CLEAN algorithm is demonstrated on two different images.
College and Department
Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Electrical and Computer Engineering
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Stemmons, Alan Joseph, "Radio Frequency Interference Mitigation on the Very Small Array" (2009). All Theses and Dissertations. 1856.
radio astronomy, synthesis imaging, RFI mitigation