Aircraft in the US are equipped with Emergency Locator Transmitters (ELTs). In emergency situations these beacons are activated, providing a radio signal that can be used to locate the aircraft. Recent developments in UAV technologies have enabled mini-UAVs (5-foot wingspan) to possess a high level of autonomy. Due to the small size of these aircraft they are human-packable and can be easily transported and deployed in the field. Using a custom-built Radio Direction Finder, we gathered readings from a known transmitter and used them to compare various Bayesian reasoning-based filtering algorithms. Using a custom-developed simulator, we were able to test and evaluate filtering and control methods. In most non-trivial conditions we found that the Sequential Importance Resampling (SIR) Particle Filter worked best. The filtering and control algorithms presented can be extended to other problems that involve UAV control and tracking with noisy non-linear sensor behavior.
College and Department
Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Computer Science
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Huber, Braden Russell, "Radio Determination on Mini-UAV Platforms: Tracking and Locating Radio Transmitters" (2009). Theses and Dissertations. 1743.
radiolocation, radio direction finding, particle filter, unscented Kalman filter, state estimation