The phytoalexin resveratrol and its acetyl analogs have been made using a decarbonylative Heck reaction. The acid chloride derived from 3,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid was coupled with suitable protected 4-hydroxystyrene in the presence of palladium acetate and N,N-bis-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-4,5-dihydro imidazolium chloride to give the substituted stilbene in good yield as the key step. Human HL-60 cell assays showed the 4'-acetyl resveratrol variant improved activity (ED50 17 ÃŽÂ¼M) relative to resveratrol (24 ÃŽÂ¼M). Cinchona phase-transfer catalysts (PTC) were developed for glycolate aldol reactions to give differentially protected 1,2-diol products. Silyl enol ether of diphenylmethoxy-2,5-dimethoxyacetophenone reacted to generate benzhydryl-protected products. O-Allyl trifluorobenzyl cinchonium hydrodifluoride (20 mol %) catalyzed the addition of the silyl enol ether to benzaldehyde to give aldol product as a single syn-product in 76% yield and 80% ee. Recrystallization enriched the product to 95% ee, and a Baeyer-Villiger reaction transformed the product into useful ester intermediates. A novel unnatural product, 8,9-Methylamido-Geldanamycin, has been designed and synthesized. Using a convergent route, the total synthesis of the molecule involved only 27 longest linear steps. New synthesis methodologies, including auxiliary controlled asymmetric anti-glycolate aldol, syn-norephedrine aldol, and selective p-quinone formation, were used.
College and Department
Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Chemistry and Biochemistry
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Liu, Jing, "Synthesis of Resveratrol and Its Analogs, Phase-Transfer Catalyzed Asymmetric Glycolate Aldol Reaction, and Total Synthesis of 8,9-Methylamido-Geldanamycin" (2007). All Theses and Dissertations. 1415.
resveratrol, phase-transfer catalysts, aldol, Geldanamycin, decarbonylative Heck reaction.