Introduction- Exercise-induced plasma volume (PV) expansion is typically associated with an increase in plasma albumin content. Increased hepatic albumin synthesis, a transcriptionally regulated process, is thought to contribute to the increase in albumin content. Objective- We tested the hypothesis that exercise training induces an increase in albumin gene expression in relationship to the increase in PV. Methods and Results- 40 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing between 245-350 grams were randomly assigned to one of four groups: cage control (CC); sham exercise 10 min/day at 48% VO2max (NE); continuous exercise training, 60 min /day at 72% VO2max (LI); and high intensity, intermittent exercise training, 8 bouts of 4 min at 98% VO2max followed by 5 min at 48% VO2max (HI). The training period lasted for two weeks with 12 training sessions with equalized training volumes in the exercise groups. 24 hours after the last training session the rats were anesthetized and a jugular catheter was placed for collecting blood samples during PV determination by a dilution of a labeled-albumin molecule (Texas Red albumin). The liver and red quadriceps (RQ) muscle tissue was then removed, flash frozen, and stored for later analysis. The training protocol produced a significant increase in RQ citrate synthase activity (p < 0.05). PV increased in proportion to the exercise intensity (p < 0.05) averaging 23.6 ± 2.7 ml•kg-1 body weight in the CC group and 26.6 ± 1.3 ml•kg-1 body weight in the HI group. Albumin mRNA expression determined by real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) increased 2.2 ± 0.1 and 2.9 ± 0.2 fold following LI and HI exercise training, respectively. Conclusion- These data support the hypothesis that, during exercise-induced PV expansion, albumin gene expression is increased and contributes to an increase in plasma albumin content and PV.



College and Department

Life Sciences; Exercise Sciences



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Albumin, mRNA expression, rodent training, plasma volume, blood volume, liver