Keywords

climate change, adaptation, crop growth modelling, europe, bioma

Start Date

1-7-2012 12:00 AM

Description

Policy makers at European and national level demand for estimates of potential vulnerability of agricultural production. Estimates are requested specific to province level, and articulated for crops. The base of such estimates is the biophysical representation of crop responses both under conditions of no adaptation, and exploring the level of adaptation which could be acted on autonomously by farmers. However, producing such estimates poses significant challenges due to the usability of climate inputs to simulation models, to reliability and completeness of data, to the level of abstraction to be chosen, and to technological aspects. This study provides an impact assessment of climate change scenarios on agriculture over EU27 focused on the time horizons of 2020 and 2030 with respect to a baseline centered on the year 2000. Potential and water-limited yields are simulated for 3 priority crops (wheat, rapeseed and sunflower) over a 25 by 25 km grid using the CropSyst model implemented within the BioMA modelling platform of the European Commission. Input weather data are generated with a stochastic weather generator parameterized over RCM-GCM downscaled simulation from the ENSEMBLES project, which have been statistically bias-corrected. Two realizations of the A1B emission scenario within ENSEMBLES are used, based on the HadCM3 and ECHAM5 GCMs, which respectively represent the “warmer” and “colder” extremes in the envelope of the ensemble with regard to the air temperature trends, and different with respect to rainfall patterns. Alleviating the consequences of unfavorable weather patterns is explored by simulating technical operations which can be acted on by farmers, highlighting the limits of autonomous adaptation, hence estimating potential vulnerability hotspots. Data are presented focusing on the difference between the baseline chosen and the 2020 and 2030 time horizons. Both data (accessible via web services) and the simulation platform are available for non-commercial use.

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Jul 1st, 12:00 AM

Estimating Impact Assessment and Adaptation Strategies under Climate Change Scenarios for Crops at EU27 Scale

Policy makers at European and national level demand for estimates of potential vulnerability of agricultural production. Estimates are requested specific to province level, and articulated for crops. The base of such estimates is the biophysical representation of crop responses both under conditions of no adaptation, and exploring the level of adaptation which could be acted on autonomously by farmers. However, producing such estimates poses significant challenges due to the usability of climate inputs to simulation models, to reliability and completeness of data, to the level of abstraction to be chosen, and to technological aspects. This study provides an impact assessment of climate change scenarios on agriculture over EU27 focused on the time horizons of 2020 and 2030 with respect to a baseline centered on the year 2000. Potential and water-limited yields are simulated for 3 priority crops (wheat, rapeseed and sunflower) over a 25 by 25 km grid using the CropSyst model implemented within the BioMA modelling platform of the European Commission. Input weather data are generated with a stochastic weather generator parameterized over RCM-GCM downscaled simulation from the ENSEMBLES project, which have been statistically bias-corrected. Two realizations of the A1B emission scenario within ENSEMBLES are used, based on the HadCM3 and ECHAM5 GCMs, which respectively represent the “warmer” and “colder” extremes in the envelope of the ensemble with regard to the air temperature trends, and different with respect to rainfall patterns. Alleviating the consequences of unfavorable weather patterns is explored by simulating technical operations which can be acted on by farmers, highlighting the limits of autonomous adaptation, hence estimating potential vulnerability hotspots. Data are presented focusing on the difference between the baseline chosen and the 2020 and 2030 time horizons. Both data (accessible via web services) and the simulation platform are available for non-commercial use.