open educational resources, ALMS Analysis, reuse, redistribute, revise, remix
A significant movement in education concerns the use of open educational resources. By "open" it is generally meant that the resource is available at no cost to others for adaptation and reuse in different contexts. However "open" is not a simple dichotomy; rather, there is a continuum of openness. We discuss four separate aspects of reuse and demonstrate how these describe different levels of openness. We discuss how the licensing and technical aspects of open educational resources affect the relative openness of an OER. Implications for those creating open educational resources are discussed.
Original Publication Citation
Hilton, J., Wiley, D., Stein, J., & Johnson, A. (21). "The four R's of openness and ALMS Analysis: Frameworks for Open Educational Resources." Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Hilton, John L. III; Johnson, Aaron; Stein, Jared; and Wiley, David, "The Four R’s of Openness and ALMS Analysis: Frameworks for Open Educational Resources" (2010). All Faculty Publications. 822.
Taylor and Francis
David O. McKay School of Education
Instructional Psychology and Technology
© 2010 Taylor and Francis
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