This study examined differences between Latter-Day Saint (LDS) and non-Latter-Day Saint (non-LDS) females across six universities in the United States regarding desire to engage in substance use and eating behaviors in response to negative emotion. Additionally, this study explored differences between LDS and non-LDS females regarding body image, as well as body image differences between LDS females residing inside Utah and outside Utah. Findings suggested that non-LDS females were more likely to experience increased urges to use substances in response to negative emotion than LDS females, consistent with LDS doctrine teaching the avoidance of substance use. LDS females also did not appear to substitute LDS-sanctioned eating behaviors for substance use in response to negative emotion, as has previously been suggested by other researchers. Additionally, LDS females were found to have more positive body image than non-LDS females generally, although LDS females in Utah have less positive body images than LDS females residing in other states. Body image findings are substantial since body image distress is rampant and is a risk factor for the development of eating disorders. Clinical implications, limitations, and future directions are discussed.
College and Department
Family, Home, and Social Sciences; Psychology
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Sandberg, Monika, "Eating and Substance Use: A Comparison of Latter-day Saint and Non-Latter-day Saint College Females" (2007). All Theses and Dissertations. 1394.
eating, eating behaviors, eating disorders, substances, substance use, substance abuse, body image, Latter-Day Saints, LDS, religion