Lewisia kelloggii has been understood as a rare plant with a disjunct range in California and Idaho. Examination of herbarium specimens and analysis of isozymes in 6 Idaho and 7 California populations revealed consistent differences between plants of the 2 states. Fixed differences in alleles at 2 loci (AAT2 and PGI1) distinguished Idaho from California plants. Genetic identities based on isozymes between Idaho and California populations averaged 0.58, lower than the average for congeneric plant species. Idaho plants were smaller than most California plants, but California plants were variable. The most consistent morphological difference between Idaho and California specimens was the difference in the number of glands on the margins of bracts and sepals. Idaho plants had 0 (−5) pink glands on each margin of these organs, all on teeth near the tips. In California plants these organs had 12–25 glands on each margin, the distal ones elevated on teeth and the proximal ones sessile. We recognize the Idaho plants as a new species, L. sacajaweana, and retain the name L. kelloggii for the California populations.
Wilson, Barbara L.; Hipkins, Valerie D.; Rey-Vizgirdas, Edna; and Kaye, Thomas N.
"Variation in Lewisia kelloggii (Portulacaceae) with description of a new species endemic to Idaho,"
Western North American Naturalist: Vol. 65
, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/wnan/vol65/iss3/6