Mesembrioxylon obscurum, a new combination for Araucarioxylon? obscurum Knowlton, from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation, Wyoming
A reinvestigation of the type specimen of Araucarioxylon? obscurum Knowlton (1900) from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation in the Freezeout Hills of Wyoming has determined that this fossil should be transferred to Mesembrioxylon Seward (1919) as M. obscurum comb. nov. (Knowlton) Medlyn and Tidwell. Knowlton (1900), who was uncertain of its appropriate generic disposition, tentatively referred the wood to Araucarioxylon because it had obscure growth rings and relatively low ray height. Reexamination of Knowltons slides demonstrates that the wood has uniseriate, rarely biseriate rays, podocarpoid pitting, and diffuse axial parenchyma, none of which Knowlton mentioned. Tracheary pitting is mostly separate, round, uniseriate, occasionally biseriate and, when biseriate, opposite to subopposite. The smooth-walled crossfields exhibit 1–3 thin-bordered podocarpaceous pits per field. All of these features are present in Mesembrioxylon Seward.
Medlyn, David A. and Tidwell, William D.
"Mesembrioxylon obscurum, a new combination for Araucarioxylon? obscurum Knowlton, from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation, Wyoming,"
Western North American Naturalist: Vol. 62:
2, Article 9.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/wnan/vol62/iss2/9