Azerbaijan crisis, Cold War, international relations


The Azerbaijan crisis of 1945-46 has been called the 'Bunker Hill' of the Cold War; however, despite its important role in the Cold War it is a comparatively unknown event. The crisis was a particularly complex event, whose players included superpowers, small nations and ethnic minorities. The Azerbaijan crisis simultaneously involved dimensions of local, state and international relations-a familiar scenario through the duration of the Cold War. Iran's geo-strategic position, valuable oil reserves and history of confrontation with the colonial Soviet and British powers served as the genesis of the Azerbaijan crisis; however, the emergence of the United States as an actor in Iran, with newly minted internationalist policies, drastically changed the dynamics of the Azerbaijan crisis.