Author Date


Degree Name



David M. Kennedy Center for International Studies


David M. Kennedy Center for International Studies

Defense Date


Publication Date


First Faculty Advisor

Scott Sanders

First Faculty Reader

Evan Ward

Honors Coordinator

Jeffrey Shumway


Disparity Anemia Malnutrition Peru Obesity Migration Insecurity


This study looks at the history of food insecurity in Peru, ranging from 1969 to 2021. The main contribution this paper seeks to make is to create a holistic approach at viewing the historical causes and consequences of food insecurity in Peru, particularly in the rural mountainous regions of the country. These areas range from the southeastern, eastern, and northeastern towns near Lima, with case studies from towns such as Ayacucho, San Martin, Huaycan, Socos, Banda de Shilcayo, and Sapote. Different levels of effective food security can be observed from the oppressive political overthrow of agriculture production in the 1960s by General Velasco. Consequences of food insecurity, such as child stunting, are quantifiably observed from case studies conducted in 1996. More statistics of malnutrition in Ayacucho Peru are analyzed from a 2016 study conducted by the Instituto de Investigación Nutricional. Beyond understanding causes and consequences of food insecurity, this study also attempts to observe multiple applications of development programs within Peru that are meant to help increase food security throughout the country. Each program mentioned takes a different approach in order to fulfill the intended purpose this study pursues of highlighting a holistic approach to understanding Peru’s food insecurity situation. While the study ultimately does not claim any particular solution to be the best, through demography, history, and social experimentation, its ultimate goal is to paint an overall picture of Peru’s journey to helping each of its communities reach a greater level of security to ensure a better future for their citizens.