Family, Home, and Social Sciences
First Faculty Advisor
Professor Mark I. Choate
First Faculty Reader
Professor Judson Burton
Professor Daniel Nielson
Fiume, D'Annunzio, Fascism, Nationalism, Mussolini, Italy
Italian novelist and poet Gabriele D’Annunzio, through skillful rhetoric and daring leadership, inspired Italian nationalists to seize the port of Fiume on the Dalmatian coast of the Adriatic Sea. His rule over the people of Fiume through his gifted oratory and forced citizen participation in government ceremonies had a mass appeal; attracted to such a prospect of widespread popularity, Benito Mussolini, and subsequently Adolf Hitler, adopted D’Annunzio’s theatrics within their respective fascist parties. Despite obvious similarities between Italian Fascism, German Nazism, and D’Annunzio’s authoritarianism, D’Annunzio was not a proto-fascist, as the few scholarly works on D’Annunzio tend to assert. This exposition of D’Annunzio’s endeavors in Fiume hopes to divorce the poet from Mussolini’s radical movement and demonstrate that, although D’Annunzio inspired fascists, the Regency of Carnaro failed to have fundamental characteristics of fascist regimes. A brief analysis of Fiume’s legal charter, co-written by D’Annunzio and De Ambris, further exonerates D’Annunzio of the charge of being a fascist.
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Merkle, Patrick, "GABRIELE D'ANNUNZIO AND THE REGENCY OF CARNARO" (2020). Undergraduate Honors Theses. 166.