attitude control, attitude error, guidance and control, tailsitter, TECS, VTOL
There are two traditional aircraft categories: fixed-wing which have a long endurance and a high cruise airspeed and rotorcraft which can take-off and land vertically. The tailsitter is a type of aircraft that has the strengths of both platforms, with no additional mechanical complexity, because it takes off and lands vertically on its tail and can transition the entire aircraft horizontally into high-speed flight. In this dissertation, we develop the entire control system for a tailsitter with a ducted fan. The standard method to compute the quaternion-based attitude error does not generate ideal trajectories for a hovering tailsitter for some situations. In addition, the only approach in the literature to mitigate this breaks down for large attitude errors. We develop an alternative quaternion-based error method which generates better trajectories than the standard approach and can handle large errors. We also derive a hybrid backstepping controller with almost global asymptotic stability based on this error method. Many common altitude and airspeed control schemes for a fixed-wing airplane assume that the altitude and airspeed dynamics are decoupled which leads to errors. The Total Energy Control System (TECS) is an approach that controls the altitude and airspeed by manipulating the total energy rate and energy distribution rate, of the aircraft, in a manner which accounts for the dynamic coupling. In this dissertation, a nonlinear controller, which can handle inaccurate thrust and drag models, based on the TECS principles is derived. Simulation results show that the nonlinear controller has better performance than the standard PI TECS control schemes. Most constant altitude transitions are accomplished by generating an optimal trajectory, and potentially actuator inputs, based on a high fidelity model of the aircraft. While there are several approaches to mitigate the effects of modeling errors, these do not fully remove the accurate model requirement. In this dissertation, we develop two different approaches that can achieve near constant altitude transitions for some types of aircraft. The first method, based on multiple LQR controllers, requires a high fidelity model of the aircraft. However, the second method, based on the energy along the body axes, requires almost no aerodynamic information.
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Argyle, Matthew Elliott, "Modeling and Control of a Tailsitter with a Ducted Fan" (2016). Student Publications. 180.
Copyright Use Information
I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, and specifically allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Brigham Young University and its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation, or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.