Sigma: Journal of Political and International Studies


Rehtaeh Beers


mail-in ballots, voting behavior


Arend Lijphart (1997) said, "Voting is less unequal than other forms of participations but it is far from unbiased." While democracy is considered to be a form of government for the people and by the people, holding true to this reputation requires that some measure of the citizenry's opinion guide elections and decisions in government. The most common way to measure the opinions within the citizenry is through the voting process. Thus, it is understandable that in democracies voter abstention is generally considered to result in a less representative government. To address the issue of voter abstention, governments have implemented various changes in the voting system in attempts to increase the number of people that vote. One change that some governments have implemented is the all-mail election.