Sigma: Journal of Political and International Studies


David Covey


politics, iconography, postmaterialist, government


This is an original manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Southeast European and Black Sea Studies on 4 April 2022, available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/14683857.2022.2054171.

Turkey seems to forever be at a balancing point—between East and West, secular and Muslim, autocratic and liberal, ancient and modern. As a rising economic power in a region plagued by turmoil, it has enormous strategic importance as both a center of power and a model for others. Pulled in multiple directions by its diverse population, few outcomes seem implausible for Turkey. In the coming decades, it could become a model for Western integration as a full EU member, an Islamist state seeking to regain Ottoman glory, and just about anything in between. With such high stakes, the political battle to determine Turkey’s future direction is intense.