Switzerland, Nationalism, James Joyce
Although, James Joyce once had to make a large deposit in a Swiss bank to ensure that he and his family would not become welfare cases of the Swiss government (Edel 33) - this was in 1940 when Joyce and his family fled Paris for Zurich - it's not the city's financial reputation that is the most important connection that Zurich has to the life and work of the author of Ulysses and Finnegans Wake. Zurich, with its deserved reputation as a cosmopolitan haven for exiles, as a center of medicine, and as the birthplace of psychoanalysis, provided Joyce with the refuge he needed again and again during his life.
"Book Review: James Joyce: The Last Journey,"
Swiss American Historical Society Review: Vol. 44:
3, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/sahs_review/vol44/iss3/6