epic simile, Germanic literature, topos
Swa bi∂ geomorlic gomelum ceorle
to gebidanne, þæt his byre ride
giong on galgan; þonne he gyd wrece....
Gesyh∂ sorhcearig on his suna bure
winsele westne, windge reste
reote berofene,– ridend swefa∂,
hæ le∂ in ho man; nis r hearpan sweg,
gomen in geardum, swylce ∂ær iu wæ ron.
Gewite∂ þonne on sealman, sorhleo∂ gæ le∂
an æfter anum; uhte him eall to rum,
wongas ond wicstede. (2444-46, 2455-62)
[So it is sad for an old man to experience his young son's riding on the gallows; let him then recite a song.... Sorrowing, he sees in his son's chamber a deserted winehall, a windy resting-place deprived of joy – riders sleep, warriors in the grave; there is no sound of the harp, no mirth in the dwelling, as there was of old. He departs then to the bedstead, sings a sorrow-song, the one for the other; all seemed to him too roomy, the fields and the dwelling place.]
"The Deserted Chamber: An Unnoticed Topos in the "Father's Lament" of Beowulf,"
Quidditas: Vol. 5
, Article 2.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/rmmra/vol5/iss1/2