Document Type

Teaching Optimization

Publication Date

Spring 4-25-2023


This document is for those who are interested in HOPE in educational science. If you have high hope, you will be successful in your future education or job performance. The predictive power of hope is higher than the precious GPA or entrance exam score. High hope score is also associated with less susceptibility to anxiety, depression and mental trauma. More than 500 reference information in this document may lead to deeper study on this concept. Two forms of the measurement tools are included.