Journal of Undergraduate Research


post-genocide Rwanda, peacebuilding, Hutu, Tutsi


J. Reuben Clark Law School


In 2015, there were forty active conflicts worldwide, with approximately 167,000 fatalities. These statistics are representative for the past decade. Many fatalities are associated with the inability to create lasting peace in the developing world, due to a lack of peace-building techniques, assistance from the transnational justice system, and support from local citizens. An example of such a conflict is the Rwandan genocide. Between April and June 1994, the Hutu majority perpetrated a genocide against the Tutsi minority of Rwanda. The estimated death toll was between 800,000 and 1 million, with the overwhelming majority of the victims being Tutsi. A unique characteristic separating the Rwandan genocide from other conflicts is that Rwanda has shown immense capability in its peace-building efforts. The purpose of this project was to study the successful peace-building efforts in Rwanda in order to better understand how they can be applied elsewhere.

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