Journal of Undergraduate Research


magnetic resonance imaging, imaging techniques, muscle activation, muscle deterioration


Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology


Electrical and Computer Engineering


Muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging (mfMRI) is a proven concept to non-invasively identify muscle activation1. Noninvasively identifying muscle activation can be used to diagnose metabolic muscle disease, identify and pinpoint muscular dysfunction, observe muscle deterioration in aging individuals, and help researchers better understand the biological foundation of musclechemistry2. Current proven methods of mfMRI include analyzing pre- and post-exercise T2-weighted images, T2 maps, and sodium images of muscle; however, there is considerable debate around the best of these techniques1-4. We tested these three imaging techniques to determine which has the greatest post-exercise shift in signal intensity.