Journal of Undergraduate Research


emotional preschoolers, longterm victimization, nursey schools, teacher reports


Family, Home, and Social Sciences


Family Life


Experiencing victimization by peers can have detrimental consequences for children, such as depressive symptoms, social anxiety, and feelings of loneliness (Crick & Grotpeter, 1995; Crick, Ostrov, & Werner, 2006; Prinstein, Boergers, & Vernberg, 2001; Tran, Cole, & Weiss, 2012). For this reason, it is important that we discover factors that contribute to ongoing issues with victimization. There are studies that have looked at short-term stability of relational and physical/verbal victimization, but usually they only last for a few months (e.g., Kawabata, Tseng, & Crick, 2014; Leadbeater, Hoglund, & Woods, 2003; Ostrov, Kamper, Hart, Godleski, & Blakely-McClure, 2014; Yeung & Leadbeater, 2010). There is little, if any, research available on how experiences of victimization in early childhood may affect the experience of victimization years down the road. For that reason, we chose to explore whether children’s experiences of relational and physical/verbal victimization would remain stable from preschool to adolescence.