Zongying Yang


East Asia, Languages, China, Republic, 1949, Chinese characters, Chinese language


The paper is a brief introduction to computer applications in libraries in the People's Republic of China. In the past thirteen years there have been two stages of development. Systems testing took place from 1978 to 1987. Since 1988 the focus has shifted to practical applications. Four models of computer systems are presently in use in the whole country: minicomputers, microcomputers with multi-users, Ethernet plus three, and mainframe computers. Since October 1990 CNMARC Chinese data records on floppies or on tapes have been published by the Tuxin Company. USMARC on CD-ROM optical disk has been used for the catalog of western language books. National, regional, and campus networks are currently under construction.