This study examines the relationship between participants' levels of narcissism and their perceptions of success. The researchers hypothesized that more narcissistic individuals would perceive greater success on a word unscrambling test compared to less narcissistic participants. Seventy-eight BYU undergraduates completed the NPI-16 (a measure of narcissism), followed by an easy or difficult word unscrambling test, and then a demographic questionnaire. Results showed that more narcissistic participants did perceive greater personal success than less narcissistic participants, regardless of test difficulty. These findings show support far self deception as a key to grandiose narcissism. Further research could investigate whether task difficulty influences narcissistic self deception, and whether nongrandiose narcissists engage in similar self deception.

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