sexual assault effects, sexual assault reporting


Sexual assault is a prominent issue in society, yet many people remain unaware of the serious effects following sexual assault. Victims who report to legal authorities tend to experience disbelief and blame because of the prevalence of rape myths. Due to the severity of the trauma, hormones released by the brain hinder proper brain functioning and can cause a little-known evolutionary response termed tonic immobility (TI). The psychological outcome of sexual assault commonly results in or worsens several psychological conditions, including depression, anxiety, PTSD, and drug and alcohol abuse. Guilt, self-blame, and adverse emotions are accelerated with negative interactions while disclosing to the police, friends, family, or others. Avoiding these emotions is possible with support, affirmation, and helpful resources. By promoting education to the public on these topics, victims can receive support and proper clinical assessment on their way to recovery.