suicide, suicide prevention, school based intervention


Studies have shown that a school environment is the most effective place to administer suicide prevention programs in order to reduce suicide rates among adolescents. This literature review evaluates different prevention programs and implementation strategies in order to determine the most effective suicide prevention method utilized at a high school level. Out of all of the prevention programs examined in this literature review, the Promoting CARE program appeared to yield the best results, as it saw a decline in suicidal ideation and behaviors in the participants over the course of 6 years following the program. This type of program along with certain screening and gatekeeper trainings and methods have produced positive results among at-risk adolescents. Due to the limited research studies done on different prevention programs and interventions, future research is still needed in order to fully comprehend the best way to lower suicide rates.